Dr Mark James received a BSc from Durham and a PhD from Newcastle-upon-Tyne, specializing in organic synthesis. After postdoctoral research at Southampton, he joined ICI and remained there for 18 years seeing the transformation through Zeneca to Avecia InkJet Limited. For 10 years he ran projects ranging from colorant design to developing industrials processes to manufacture PCBs. In 2005, he moved to the Centre for Process Innovation to set up and manage their flexible electronics substrate research and manufacturing operation. Mark joined Merck in 2006, leading functional material patterning activities and since 2010 has been responsible for Merck’s Organic Electronics Business.