Nanowires based on silver, nickel or copper represent an interesting alternative to ITO, as bulk metals such as silver and copper exhibit the highest electrical and thermal conductivity among all metals. Most transparent conducting electrodes (TCEs), currently use ITO based electrodes, which have limited conductivity and possess too high a cost for widespread commercialization. Furthermore, ITO has limited longevity on polymer substrates and can be a limiting factor in the lifetime and hence value of a product. The project will assess the viability of applying this processing technique and implementing such electrodes in front electrodes for solar cells and light emitting applications. However the unique manufacturing approach developed could lead to more substantial opportunities for deployment in a wider range of application areas where greater efficiency, longevity and speed of operation are enabled by the low resistance nanowire electrodes.